Recruitment of Participants

A standardized invitation was sent to 40 community pharmacies and to the pharmacy department managers at 3 regional health authorities in southeastern New Brunswick. The community and hospital managers were asked to forward the invitation to all pharmacists and pharmacy students working at their sites, a total of about 300 individuals. All pharmacists and pharmacy students working in these settings who were willing to participate in the study were enrolled. As such, a nonprobability convenience sample was used. The study’s principal investigators (J.I.-M., O.N.G.) were blinded to the identity of the participants. Ethics approval was obtained from the Southeast Regional Health Authority (now Horizon Health Network) Research Ethics Board and the Mount Allison University Research Ethics Board.

Data Collection

The procedure for conducting and scoring the focus group and individual interviews was based on the methodology published by Krueger and Casey. Two research assistants were present at each interview. One research assistant (H.W.) assumed the role of moderator, asked the questions, and guided the group discussions (for focus groups). The other research assistant (L.E.T.) took field notes and was responsible for audiotaping the session. buy antibiotics canada

The moderator read a standardized script at the beginning of each interview and presented the SMAT. Participants were then given about 10 minutes to become familiar with the SMAT and to seek clarification if needed. A structured interview format was used. Participants were asked to comment on the perceived effectiveness of each section of the SMAT for assessing the self-management abilities of an elderly person; the suitability of the length of the instrument; the suitability of the language used for a wide range of patients; the ease of use of the instrument in terms of instructions provided, scoring system, and interpretation of scores; the ease of use for a pharmacist new to direct patient care; the need for changes to the instrument for use in the participant’s practice environment; and the major drawbacks of the tool. Each participant was also asked to complete a brief demographics survey and to answer a series of 4 rating questions on the usefulness, thoroughness, and ease of use of the tool (reverse-coded) and his or her willingness to adopt the tool. A 7-point rating scale, ranging from “not at all” to “very”, was used in this survey.

Data Analysis

The main themes of each interview were identified using content analysis of transcriptions of the interviews. The themes were organized according to the section of the instrument to which they pertained, and the comments were sorted into the following thematic categories: additional areas that participants felt should be examined, major drawbacks, major benefits, and concerns regarding administration. Relevant examples of quotations from the interviews were compiled to support these main themes. A series of 1-sample t tests was used to test the hypothesis that participants’ ratings were, on average, significantly more positive than the middle point on the 7-point scale. The results of the demographic questionnaire were used to classify participants on the basis of their practice location and years of practice.  silagra tablets