The incidence of tobacco-related cancer death is currently lower among Hispanics than in the general US population. However, this advantage may be short-lived. Recent data indicate that Hispanic youths are smoking as much as, if not more than, their Anglo peers. Similar patterns are emerging among adults. For example, in the past 10 years in Colorado, lung cancer rates for Hispanics jumped 132% in contrast to a 12% increase for non-Hispanics. The STCP has 4 research projects targeted to Hispanics. These interventions include mass media campaigns, school-based prevention strategies, group “cohesiveness” sessions, community organization and training, and systems of social support for coping with stress. About 2.5 million Hispanics are being impacted through these efforts. other
While the percentage of males who smoke has sharply declined in the US in the past 20 years (36.6%), smoking rates for women have declined only half of that (18.2%). The consequence of this trend is already apparent. Lung cancer has already exceeded breast cancer as the leading cause of cancer de&ths among women in a number of locations in the US. Today, 23 million adult women smoke, and thousands of teenage girls start smoking each day. For younger women, particularly those 20-24 years of age, smoking prevalence has actually increased from 33% in 1980 to 36% in 1983. Not only are more women smoking, but more are experiencing tobacco-related diseases. Between 1950 and 1983, lung cancer mortality in women has increased tenfold, twice that for males. The STCP intervention research which is targeted to women focuses on social, cultural, psychologic, and economic factors that influence female smoking. Factors such as the media, the changing roles of women, fears of weight gain, and stress management are being investigated. In addition to those women under study across all the intervention studies discussed above, these special analysis interventions involve an additional large number yet to be determined.